Tolstoy once suggested that Les Misérables was one of the world’s greatest novels. It’s not difficult to see why. Victor Hugo’s tale of redemption and revolution has captured adoration since its first publication in 1862, and has subsequently been adapted countless times.
On the fifth of June 1832, a state funeral was held in Paris. After the speeches, a figure appeared, riding a black stallion and carrying a red flag emblazoned with the words Liberty or Death. Stones were thrown at government troops, church bells were rung, and the infamous cry of “to the barricades!” was heard. The June Rebellion had begun.