Charles may have lost the war, but he was determined to be the victor of the peace. Opinion was divided amongst the parliamentarians, and numerous factions were emerging. Charles hoped to take advantage of this in order to obtain a settlement that would be skewed in his favour.
When Charles I ascended to the English throne in 1625, no-one foresaw that his reign would end with his execution for treason. However, on the thirtieth of January 1649, he was beheaded. The monarchy was abolished, and the kingdom became the Commonwealth. With this drastic change, it may be said the conclusion of the English Civil Wars saw a revolution take place.